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Blockchain: Patient-Centered Blockchains




Informationen zur Arbeit

Abschlussarbeitstyp: Bachelor, Master
Betreuer: Tobias Dehling
Forschungsgruppe: Critical Information Infrastructures

Archivierungsnummer: 4282
Abschlussarbeitsstatus: Offen
Beginn: unbekannt
Abgabe: unbekannt

Weitere Informationen

Background:

Blockchains are systems with a high degree of decentralization and consist of three main components: transactions, a consensus protocol, and a communication network. Blockchain became popular as the underlying technology of the cryptocurrency Bitcoin. Facilitation of financial transactions is however only one use case for blockchains. Other use cases include improvements in supply chain management or ensuring the integrity of public records. Research on Blockchain is still in its infancy. Due to the current popularity of blockchains, developers are rebuilding diverse information systems on blockchains and are also inventing new types of information systems. Only the future will tell for what use cases blockchains are truly superior to traditional infrastructures. We are especially interested in theses aiming to leverage Blockchain for patient empowerment in health care information systems by employing a conceptual, empirical, or implementation-focused approach.


Objective(s):

Possible topics include, but are not limited to:

  • Opportunities and challenges for leveraging Blockchain in health care
  • Patient data management on blockchains
  • Safe, patient-centered health information exchange based on blockchains
  • Blockchain-based reputation and recommender systems in health care

This is an umbrella topic since topics of interest change rapidly. Students are encouraged to propose a topic of interest to them within the topic area.

Introductory literature:

Bonneau J, Miller A, Clark J, Narayanan A, Kroll JA, Felten EW (2015) SoK: Research Perspectives and Challenges for Bitcoin and Cryptocurrencies. 2015 IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy. 104–121.

Cai W, Wang Z, Ernst JB, Hong Z, Feng C, Leung VCM (2018) Decentralized Applications: The Blockchain-Empowered Software System. IEEE Access 6:53019–53033.

Dehling T, Sunyaev A (2014) Secure Provision of Patient-Centered Health Information Technology Services in Public Networks—Leveraging Security and Privacy Features Provided by the German Nationwide Health Information Technology Infrastructure. Electronic Markets 24(2):89–99.

Edx, Blockchain for Business - An Introduction to Hyperledger Technologies. 2017. https://www.edx.org/course/blockchain-business-introduction-linuxfoundationx-lfs171x

Nakamoto S (2008) Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System. Retrieved (February 9, 2018), https://bitcointalk.org/bitcoin.pdf.

Tschorsch F, Scheuermann B (2016) Bitcoin and Beyond: A Technical Survey on Decentralized Digital Currencies. IEEE Communications Surveys Tutorials 18(3):2084–2123.

Underwood S (2016) Blockchain Beyond Bitcoin. Communications of the ACM 59(11):15–17.

Yli-Huumo J, Ko D, Choi S, Park S, Smolander K. Where Is Current Research on Blockchain Technology?—A Systematic Review. 2016; PloS one, 11(10), e0163477.