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Topic-based Selectivity Estimation for Hybrid Queries over RDF Graphs

Published: 2013 Mai
Institution: Institute AIFB, KIT
Erscheinungsort / Ort: Karlsruhe


The Resource Description Framework (RDF) has become an accepted standard for describing entities on the Web. Many such RDF descriptions are text-rich – besides structured data, they also feature large portions of unstructured text. As a result, RDF data is frequently queried using predicates matching structured data, combined with string predicates for textual constraints: hybrid queries. Evaluating hybrid queries requires accu- rate means for selectivity estimation. Previous works on selectivity estimation, however, suffer from inherent drawbacks, reflected in efficiency and effective issues. In this paper, we present a general framework for hybrid selectivity estimation. Based on its requirements, we study the applicability of existing approaches. Driven by our findings, we propose a novel estimation approach, TopGuess, exploiting topic models as data synopsis. This enables us to capture correlations between structured and unstructured data in a uniform and scalable manner. We study TopGuess in theorical manner, and show TopGuess to guarantee a linear space complexity w.r.t. text data size, and a selectivity estimation time complexity independent from its synopsis size. In experiments on real-world data, TopGuess allowed for great improvements in estimation accuracy, without sacrificing runtime performance.

Download: Media:Paper-vldb-selectivityestimation tr.pdf






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